Integrated Project Delivery
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) brings all of the key participants (owner, contractor and designers) together as early as possible, so their collective skills are aggregated from the beginning to the end of the project. IPD creates collaborative relationships rather than the traditional silos.
Shared responsibility, mutual trust
The IPD contract model, where the primary participants all sign the same contract, has many advantages. While the participants share the risks and rewards, the main reason for the single contract is to design and build the project quicker and for a lower cost. When a collaborative partnership between the primary parties is created, the chance for project success is enhanced substantially. Overall cost and timelines are reduced. All parties share a budget, so everyone’s profitability is interconnected. There is no incentive or ability to engage in protracted change processes.
IPD methodology is built on three key elements: Integrated Delivery, Co-Location and BIM.
Integrated Delivery is achieved with a different approach to traditional design delivery. All team members start working together at the beginning of design, rather than responding to progress drawings.
Each team member provides input into every design issue, creating the perfect balance of owner program requirements, design intent, constructability, sustainability and budget.
Co-Location of all team members provides the environment and opportunity to build trust among teammates, while efficiently designing the project. Project issues are transparent and solutions evolve in real time because everyone is working in the same physical space.
Whether it’s a big room or an “information room,” the concept is the same: All outcomes are improved when all team members reside in the same location.
BIM provides tools to optimize the interface of multiple modeling programs. It creates a chosen platform for the team to collaborate on design and constructability decisions. Design excellence merges with buildable construction details. Spatial conflicts are resolved virtually, well before designs are finalized, materials are fabricated or construction is started.
Owners can use the BIM model as a communication and sales tool with tenants or other stakeholders, to allow easy visualization of space and building.
IPD benefits include:
- Dramatic reduction in duration of each design phase
- Improved lead times and budget certainty, thanks to early bid packages
- Concurrency of design and estimating
- Contractor means and methods are integrated into the BIM model
- All team members understand budget and schedule implications in real time
- Cost savings opportunities are generated by all team members
- Reduced RFI’s and Change Orders